It would be unfair to say that his influence stems solely from the exposure that he is provided by Qatar through his weekly TV program on Al Jazeera. Qaradawi is a prolific author and he uses simple language to issue his declarations and rulings about interpretations of Shariah.
Qaradawi fled Egypt when Nasser figured out that he could not allow the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) to remain as a fifth column inside Egypt. It was no secret that while Nasser was aligned with the socialist camp, the MB served as a tool of the US and Gulf regime during the Cold War...
Qaradawi was hosted in Qatar and he taught at its university. But unlike most Islamists in exile, he established a close relationship with the current Emir. Qaradawi was a key ingredient in the formation of Al Jazeera, and he even helped staff the network with many Islamists from several Arab countries.
US 'not aligned' with any party in Egypt transition: Obama
Bashar al-Assad: What is happening in Syria
Muslim Brotherhood: "Determination
Sheikh Othman Batikh also told the media that “the so-called jihad of Nikah (marriage), is nothing but a form of prostitution”. He also voiced his concerns about the sexually transmitted diseases that these Jihadist women will bring as soon as they come back to Tunisia. He was referring to the Tunisian sent to Syria to offer their bodies to “Jihadist brothers” in a jihad, they believe, is in Allah’s name.
Batikh’s declarations appear to embarrass the interim government, which is heavily indebted and which is putting all its weight betting with Qatar’s petrodollar Emirs on the overthrow of Bashar Al Assad and the collapse of Syria.
Sheikh Othman Batikh is warning against the spread of radical fatwas out of step with Islam.
"Anarchic fatwas issued usually by ignorant people or those unacquainted with Islamic law have become a danger to the community," Sheikh Othman Battikh told Shems FM on Thursday (April 11th). .... "Some of the fatwas are contradictory and out of touch with our culture."
Religious Affairs Minister Noureddine Khadmi last month addressed the issue of foreign fatwas. "Fatwas must be based on scientific, methodological and objective authorities," the minister said. "Anyone who issues a fatwa, whether locally or abroad, is the only one concerned by it and does not have the right to commit other Tunisians or the state," Khadmi added.
As we follow the dramatic developments in Egypt, we should ask ourselves in what ways we are similar to the Egyptians and how we differ from them. Those who object to the comparison will say: What does one thing have to do with the other? Our political tradition, they'll say, is democratic and our ancient culture excels in verbal disputes, not blandishing swords. I disagree. I believe a cautious comparison is the main benefit from the analysis of the reasons behind the events in Egypt. ....
The threat to us lies in the relationship between theocracy and democracy. The literal meaning of theocracy is the rule of god, but the lord needs mediators – priests - who claim to know what he wants. It is forbidden to question their interpretation, so the rule of god is actually nothing more than the despotic rule of his authorized interpreters....
Among the 3.8 million citizens who voted in the elections for the 19th Knesset, 528,000 supported Shas and United Torah Judaism, parties which take orders from rabbis who despise democracy and are longing for the day when the halacha will replace the laws being enacted by the people through their elected representatives. There is no significant difference between the vision of these parties and the Muslim Brotherhood's vision.
In the last elections some 346,000 supported Habayit Hayehudi, a party which hails democracy. However, half of the MKs on its roster declare their subordination to rabbis and favor the supremacy of "Judaism" over democracy.
Among Likud's supporters there are also those who are in favor of a regime that is guided by the halacha. They are not conservatives like the Christian parties that rule some countries in Europe. Rather, they are messianic religious Jews who are certain the people will eventually hand over to them the reins of government peacefully. Is this not what happened in Egypt?
I was raised as a religious Orthodox Jew... My rabbis explained to me [..] that the "Oral" Torah commands us to obey the Rabbis and by obeying the Rabbis we are indirectly obeying God. So the blessing that God commanded us to wash our hands is really a declaration of our obedience to the God-given authority of the Rabbis to enact new commandments.
To someone uninitiated in Orthodox Judaism this may sound incredible. But the key to understanding this is the ancient Pharisee concept of "Oral" Torah. Orthodox Jews believe that during the 40 days and 40 nights Moses was on Mt. Sinai he was given a second Torah that was to be transmitted orally. The belief in this Oral Torah (also called Oral Law) is the basic doctrine that defines modern Orthodox Jews and ancient Pharisees alike (Babylonian Talmud, Sabbath 31a; Josephus Flavius, Antiquities of the Jews 13.10.6).
The Oral Torah commands obedience to the Pharisee Rabbis and gives them the prerogative to create new commandments called takanot ("enactments"). Modern Orthodox Jews and ancient Pharisees consider obedience to these Rabbinical enactments as obedience to God and in some respects even more important than the commandments of the Torah.
Jama'a al-Islamiya leader Assem Abdel Maged said Wednesday night that supporters of toppled Islamist President Mohamed Morsy would “fight” for his reinstatement. Abdel Maged, a member of the Jama'a al-Islamiya Shura Council, said that the US supported what he called the “coup against the legitimacy of [former] President Mohamed Morsy.”
In a speech he delivered to the pro-Morsy protesters at Rabaa al-Adawiya, in Nasr City, he added that the US is fighting Islam and is working to transform Egypt from an Islamic state to a secular state led by the corrupt opposition.
Abdel Maged added, "We will fight for elected legitimacy and for Islam. We will not abandon the squares," calling on protesters to remain in the squares until Morsy returns to power.
Abdel Maged added that he rejects negotiations with illegitimate figures. "We will only speak with President Morsy, who will return soon." Abdel Maged also accused the media of spreading lies.
Jama’a al-Islamiya hinted (Friday 12-10-2012) that it may be willing to resort to violence in order to see Sharia adopted in the latest draft of the constitution from the Constituent Assembly. The group called on Egyptians to collect funds for what it described as a battle against “secularists and liberals.”
Jama’a al-Islamiya leader Mohamed Salah is a member of the Jurisprudence Commission for Rights and Reform, which is comprised of a number of Islamist figures, including Khairat al-Shater, deputy supreme guide of the Muslim Brotherhood. Salah said during a conference in the Ain Shams neighborhood that Egyptians should “support Islamic Sharia in the Egyptian constitution,” and that “Jama’a al-Islamiya will fight for the application of God’s law, even if that requires bloodshed.”
He called on Islamist movements to organize mass demonstrations to “trap secularists inside the place where the Constituent Assembly holds its meetings, so that everyone knows that the people want an Islamist [state].” He also demanded that President Mohamed Morsy issue a decree to “defeat the schemes of liberals to reject the law of God.”
Assem Abdel Meguid, leader of Jama’a al-Islamiya’s political arm, the Construction and Development Party, said that “the conference is the first step to announce the rejection of the second article [of the constitution] in its current form.”
He noted that the next step would be mobilizing millions for jihad with their lives and money in the battle to support Sharia. He stressed on the need to unite the Islamist currents to face the liberal and secular groups that “implement Western agendas.”
The spectacular sight of the demise of Muslim Brotherhood rule in Egypt has not pleased Lebanon’s Salafists. Despite the negative view some of the latter harbored toward the Brotherhood’s behavior, they nevertheless interpret recent events in Egypt as the result of a conspiracy targeting Islam and seeking to prevent it from ascending to power.
One could argue that the Salafists have been greatly frustrated by observing what their leading sheikhs describe as “a military coup against Islamic rule in the land of al-Kinanah [a medieval Islamic designation for Egypt].” The frustration is all the greater because throughout their own growing presence within and influence upon the revolutions attending the Arab Spring, Salafists consciously sought to imitate the Brotherhood’s experience by unifying their ranks. They had hoped that by integrating within a single trend or body, they would be able to eventually produce an Islamic party or movement with substantial political weight at the national level in Lebanon. ...
Before any attempt to unify the Salafist ranks coalesced, however, an Islamic government in Egypt was subject to a severe setback by a popular and military backlash against it.
The founder of the Salafist trend in Lebanon, Sheikh Dai al-Islam al-Chahal, told As-Safir, “What has taken place in Egypt is embarking into uncharted territory. Some of the Brotherhood’s mistakes were exploited in order to pounce on Egypt’s identity as a major Arab and Islamic state. This is part of both an internal and foreign conspiracy.”
According to Chahal, “The project of political Islam has not collapsed, for it never truly began. But they spread rumors that the Brotherhood had come to power and inflated their actions in an attempt to overcome them, just as they did in Lebanon...”
According to Sheikh Raed Hlayhal, “What happened in Egypt is a crime in every sense of the word. It has convinced us to repudiate once more the false democracy that they are demanding Islamists integrate into.”
He continued, “What took place has demonstrated clearly that the war against Islam goes on in all its forms. Unfortunately, the people did not support the Islamic model. This shows that we still have a long way to go...” (first publicated on 8-7-2013)
Rivalry has been growing between the FSA and extremist rebels, whose smaller but more effective forces control most of the opposition-held parts of northern Syria. ...
The FSA and more extreme fighters have fought together from time to time but the FSA, desperate for greater firepower, has recently tried to distance itself to allay US fears that its arms could reach Al Qaeda.
The FSA has been trying to build a logistics network and reinforce its presence across Syria, in part to present a bulwark against units the US considers "terrorist organisations". But with funding from individuals in the Arabian Gulf, extremist brigades have taken a leading role in rebel-held regions of Syria, filling the vacuum of power by setting up religious courts and governing bodies.
The FSA, a mixture of loosely affiliated brigades, is accused by locals of looting and has not been able to present a unified front to oppose hardline units that favour an Islamic caliphate over pluralist democracy.
Aleppo may 2013
If the FSA really do want to polish off their former fundamentalist allies, then their obvious ally is the chap in the presidential palace in Damascus. Bashar would be only too ready, surely, to help the FSA against the regime’s Islamist “terrorist” antagonists – and maybe offer the FSA a dignified reunification with the government army. Regime intelligence officers have for more than a year held regular meetings with FSA officers to try and woo them back to Bashar...
AMMAN — Seven Jordanian nationals were reportedly killed while fighting alongside Islamic comrades in Syria, sources say, amid a reported influx of over 200 Jordanian jihadists into the northern neighbour.
According to the Syrian state-run news agency SANA, Syrian government forces killed five Jordanian nationals on Friday and two on Thursday in separate battles with Islamist militias in the Damascene countryside and the southern city of Daraa.
The Jordanian jihadist movement confirmed that Jordanians Abdullah Abu Zuhair Al Maani, Khaldoun Al Masri and Mahmoud Hamad were among the seven killed over the weekend while fighting alongside Jabhat Al Nusra fighters in southern Syria.
“The seven men entered Syria from Turkey last month and fell martyrs in Daraa and Damascus,” said Mousa Abdullat, defence attorney and legal representative for the hardline Jordanian Salafist movement.
In light of the growing influx of foreign jihadist fighters, Jordanian authorities have imposed a security crackdown along the 370-kilometre-long Jordanian-Syrian border, arresting over 50 alleged jihadists over the past two months alone.
Elbaradei, advisor to Mansour on foreign affairs, and Hazem Biblawi, the interim prime minister, will head up a commission charged with suggesting amendments to the 2012 constitution.
A spokesman for the Rebellion or Tamarrud Movement, Hasan Shahin, said that the real struggle is over the constitution, since the only forces guaranteeing the values of the revolution are the revolutionary street and a constitution that guarantees the rights of the poor and a life of dignity and an independent country. ....
Rebellion is calling for the masses to gather in and around Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo to break the fast at sunset and then to pray supereregatory prayers together that night in Tahrir and to raise the flag of Egypt in order to complete the revolution and to protect it from the Muslim Brotherhood and the United States and Israel. ...
The same call was put out in Port Said for people to continue to occupy the city’s central square and to come out to support the overthrow of Muslim Brotherhood leader and former Egyptian president Muhammad Morsi.
Hazem Abdel Aziz Al Beblawi was born in 1936, in Cairo, Egypt. He studied law at Cairo University and graduated in 1957. He obtained a postgraduate degree in economics from the University of Grenoble in 1961.
Beblawi began his career as a lecturer at the University of Alexandria in 1965 and taught economy-related courses at several universities, including the University of Southern California, until 1980... From 1983 to 1995, he served as chairman and chief executive of the Export Development Bank in Egypt. Then he worked at the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) as executive secretary... He served as an advisor to the Arab Monetary Fund in Abu Dhabi from 2001 to 2011.
After the Egyptian revolution, Beblawi became a founding member of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party. He was appointed deputy prime minister for economic affairs and also, finance minister in a cabinet reshuffle on 17 July 2011.... On 9 July 2013, Beblawi was appointed interim prime minister after the Egyptian military removed Mohammad Morsi from office on 3 July 2013. (Wikipedia info)
Egyptian prominent figure Mohamed ElBaradei has been sworn in as the country’s interim vice president for foreign relations, the office of the presidency has announced in a statement. ElBaradei took his oath of office before Egyptian interim President Adly Mansour, the statement said.
The former head of the UN nuclear watchdog and a Nobel peace laureate was appointed as Egypt’s vice president for foreign relations almost a week after the military deposed President Mohamed Morsi on July 3 and declared the chief justice of Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court, Adly Mansour, as caretaker president. ElBaradei was initially tipped to lead the cabinet but his nomination was rejected by the Salafist Nour party.
ElBaradei’s swearing-in came on the same day as the Egyptian Prosecutors began questioning ousted President Mohamed Morsi and the members of Muslim Brotherhood party over their involvement in a 2011 prison break. ... Morsi and his colleagues are also accused of spying, inciting violence and damaging the economy. ...
The new military-backed administration has intensified crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, issuing arrest warrants for many of the group's members.
New York, (SANA)_The increasing use of rhetoric by political and religious leaders in the context of the Syrian crisis could exacerbate the violence in Syria and fuel tensions between different groups in the region, the United Nations Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, Adama Dieng, warned.
Dieng expressed in a statement concern over recent statements by some religious leaders who have portrayed the Syrian conflict as a religious one, indicating that “History has shown that exploiting religious tensions in the context of a political and armed struggle may incite violence and could lead to large-scale atrocities.”
“Such rhetoric, when it constitutes incitement to violence on religious grounds, could exacerbate the already disastrous violence in Syria, lead to further war crimes and crimes against humanity and fuel tensions between different groups both in Syria and elsewhere in the region.”
Dieng stressed that all political and military leaders have the responsibility of speaking out against any hate speech that encourages intolerance and discriminatory stereotyping, or that constitutes incitement to violence.
"I urge all leaders in the wider region to act responsibly and refrain from using or condoning any language that may escalate sectarian tensions. The consequences of rhetoric that inflames these tensions will be felt by populations across the region,” he said.
“All States must refrain from contributing to such crimes, including by tolerating hate speech and incitement to violence against particular populations,” he said. “If we do not act now, there is a serious risk that sectarian violence could spread across the region.”
"Preventing genocide begins with ensuring that all groups within society enjoy the rights and dignity of belonging as equal citizens. Early prevention therefore becomes a challenge of good governance, respect for human rights without discrimination and equitable management of diversity. That means eliminating gross political and economic inequalities, and promoting a common sense of belonging on equal footing." Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, New York, 15 January 2010.
Coup commander Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi betrayed the oath he took before the head of State – the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. He spilled the blood of innocent Egyptians.... He then threatened peaceful protestors and restricted their freedoms. Then again faked justifications to defend his coup against electoral legitimacy.
These fake justifications included a claim that the President fought battles with the judiciary, the police, the media, public opinion and the army. This is an utter lie, because in fact corrupt members of the judiciary, the media and the police, which the January 25 Revolution demanded be purged, were the ones who waged war against the President since the first moments...
Shamefully, Al-Sisi pitted the armed forces against two-thirds of the people, in support of the remaining third – the leftist, liberals and Copts.
Earlier, Al-Sisi did reveal a distinct bias for some Egyptians against others. He criticized what he described as the siege of the Constitutional Court and Cairo’s Media Production City, but did not utter a single word about the repeated sieges of Itehadia Presidential Palace, Tahrir’s major government office buildings and Maspero TV Center building. He never said anything about the burning of the Courts of Cairo and Alexandria, the torching and total destruction of headquarters of political parties and even the home of President Morsi. Al-Sisi also criticized what he saw as ‘forcing religion into politics’, a language used by liberals and leftists’ camp.
We ask commander Al-Sisi:
How could you and your cronies and collaborators turn a blind eye to the great changes in the region around us and the duties imposed on the brave Egyptian army accordingly? You pushed this country’s army a million miles back, directing its military machine towards unarmed Egyptians, tearing up the national fabric of the homeland for the benefit of enemies of the homeland who are plotting to involve the Egyptian army in this treasonous quagmire.
The consequences of injustice are severe, and lies are invariably exposed, shamefully.
"Those who do wrong will soon come to know where they will end up." (Quran 26:227)
IKhwanweb is the Muslim Brotherhood"s official English web site. Ikhwanweb is not a news website, although we report news that matter to the Muslim Brotherhood"s cause. Our main misson is to present the Muslim Brotherhood vision right from the source... Ikhwanweb was founded by Khairat el Shater, Deputy Chiarman of the Muslim Brotherhood, and was launched in 2005.
The Iranian electorate did about the most cruel thing possible to uber-hawk Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu. It replaced former Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad with an eminently reasonable and personable successor, Hasan Rouhani.
The Israeli and American politicians who desperately want to fall on Iran the way a hungry lion does on a lamb had made hay with Ahmadinejad’s quirkiness and foot in the mouth disease. They also deliberately mistranslated him to make him seem menacing, even as he kept saying Iran would never launch a first strike.
"Smile and build a bomb..." (15-7-2013)
1. Everyone knows that the real reason Netanyahu keeps squawking about Iran is that he is trying to take the focus off the Israel campaign of ethnic cleansing and Apartheid policies toward the Palestinians living under Israeli occupation.
2. You can’t just attack a presidential administration that only recently got into office and before taking the measure of it.
3. Iran is not proved to have a nuclear weapons program...
4. President Rouhani is proposing increased transparency for its civilian nuclear enrichment program..
5. The International Atomic Energy Agency does inspections of Iran’s enrichment facilities...That is, the IAEA has visited the sites where Iran does enrichment work, and its inspectors can testify that the enriched uranium is under seal, is all accounted for, and none has been diverted to weapons purposes.... There is no proof that Iran is weaponizing.
6. [According to] Ayatollah Ali Khamenei killing hundreds of thousands of innocent non-combatants (e.g. women and children), and killing innocent non-combatants is illegal according to the Qur’an and Islamic law.
7. Contrary to what Netanyahu says, Iran does not have an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of hitting the United States...
8. Iran isn’t a plausible threat to the United States.
9. Israel cannot plausibly conduct a successful military operation so far from its borders (Iran is a long way away).
10. An air strike would only set the Iranian program back a little.
The General National Congress has endorsed overwhelmingly a new Islamic Affairs minister, thus bringing to an end a long-term source of tension between it and prime minister Ali Zeidan.
Ali Mohamed Al-Bashir received 96 votes out of the 124 members of Congress present today and will replace Mohamed Abdulsalam Mohamed Abusada, who had claimed that the prime minister had prevented him from doing his job.
The new Islamic Affairs and Awqaf Minister, Ali Mohamed Al-Bashir Hamouda spent eight years in Qaddafi’s jails and has been head of the Libyan Political Prisoners branch in his home town of Misrata. The 51 year old Hamouda graduated in 1980 from Al-Quairi Institute for religious studies in Misrata. From 1984 until 2002 he was held as a political prisoner.
Last year he became the Director of the Misrata office of Islamic Affairs and Awqaf
During the year 1984 several spies in the hire of the CIA entered the country for the purpose of carrying out assassinations and stirring up unrest...
In May 1984 Ahmed Ibrahim Hawas, accompanied by Ammar Al-Hassairi and Bashir Hamouda, entered the country in accordance with a plan meant to make it easier for them to carry out sabotage actions and assassinations. Sudanese passports, maps and drawings, and names of national figures were found on their persons. The plan called for them to carry out the following attacks:
- The elimination of 40 persons whose names were on a list they carried.
- The destruction of vitally important installation and the poisoning of wells and storage tanks for drinking water by means of a chemical they brought with them for this purpose, which was later confiscated by the courts.
- Actions in the public markets which are visited in great numbers by Arabs and foreigners. They succeeded in setting fire to one of these markets by using various types of weapons, bombs, and plastic explosives, which were later confiscated. Descriptions of the weapons used in the crime were recorded individually in the reports of the responsible authorities.
The members of the abovementioned groups confessed to having received intensive training for these terrorist actions from members of the Sudanese secret service during the Numeri era, as well as from "Mr. Jack", the CIA chief in Sudan. According to their statements, "Mr. Jack" was in direct contact with the leader of these terrorist actions, the above-mentioned... (Mathaba net: Activities of the US Administration)
Although many consider Colonel Qadhafi an extreme radical, and though his harshest opponents have called him a madman, many of his comments in this historic interview are extraordinarily thought-provoking, in that they cause one to reflect on the meaning of hypocrisy and on the existence of double-standards in the world of international politics.
Loosing Egypt has meant an end to the increasingly influential triumvirate of regional powers constituted by Egypt, Turkey and Qatar. While of course each country pursued its own set of foreign policy priorities, their common support for political Islam as incarnated by the Muslim Brotherhood and the Turkish AKP made them natural bed-fellows able to collectively wield considerable regional influence, side-lining Saudi Arabia and its allies by capitalising on a moderate Islamist wave set in motion by the recent tectonic shifts in the Middle East’s political landscape.
While Qatar can of course be expected to continue cooperation and coordination with Turkey (most notably on Syria), President Morsi’s fall combined with Prime Minister Erdogan’s domestic troubles has dealt a heavy blow to the tacit alliance between the three nations – at least in its current form.
Meanwhile, President Morsi’s downfall has provided a crucial opening for Saudi Arabia to re-assert itself. With the loss of Qatari influence in the Egyptian presidential palace, Riyadh has been all too eager to step in and fill Doha’s shoes...
This comes at a period of increasing competition between Qatar and Saudi Arabia as they seek to advance rival political forces in post-Arab Spring countries, as well as in Syria where they recently tussled over leadership of the Syrian National Coalition.
As in Egypt, Syria’s Muslim Brotherhood, sponsored by Qatar and long at the helm of the opposition in exile, is looking increasingly discredited and may struggle to preserve an influential role for itself going forward...
It is ironic that a regime that prides itself on ruling according to divine law fears most the rise of Islamism to power. It must be said that like most Western governments, Saudi Arabia was more than confortable coexisting with the Egyptian military dictatorship under deposed President Hosni Mubarak. But when a democratically elected Muslim Brotherhood president was sworn into office in 2012, Riyadh was alarmed.
Saudi Arabia had always had a troubled relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood version of Islamism, its organizational capacity and its increasingly accepted message that combined Islam with an eagerness to engage with the democratic process. ... To counter the appeal of the Muslim Brotherhood, the Saudi religious establishment condemned it as a divisive force and accused it of undermining people’s creeds.
After 9/11, suspicion of the Brotherhood evolved into outright hostility. Prince Nayif accused the Brotherhood of radicalizing Saudi youth and held it responsible for the terrorism wave that swept the country from 2003 to 2008.
Middle Eastern media are reporting that the Saudi Arabian government has banned from school libraries the works of Sayyid Qutb, one of the most important ideologues in the history of the Muslim Brotherhood. According to one report:
The Saudi Ministry of Education has banned a number of books from school libraries including works by Sayyid Qutb, an Egyptian writer who was the leading intellectual of the Muslim Brotherhood in the 1950s and 1960s.
“The books The Lies About Sayyid Qutb and The Jihad in the Way of God are banned from school libraries because of their extremist and confusing ideas that may misinform students,” Abdul Rahman Al-Fasil, director general of Boys Education Administration in Asir province, told Arab News.
The books were banned shortly after Saudi Interior Minister Prince Na’if bin Abd Al-’Aziz made several comments in the local press about “battling ideological extremism” in the country. In a meeting with the teaching staff of the Umm Al-Qura University in Mecca, he said, “We are asking our universities… to carry out research that will help topple deviant ideologies, which have nothing to do with Islam and [only] harm it…”
A number of leading Saudi academics and thinkers supported the ministry’s decision as part of the country’s effort to protect youths from joining terror networks. Deputy chairman of the board of directors of Taif Literary Club, Hamaad Al Salimi, told Gulf News, “This decision will help protect the younger generation from some of the extremist ideas of the Muslim Brotherhood, which called for violence.” (The globalMBreport)
Nayef (1934 - 16-6-2012) was no friend to the Muslim Brotherhood, whose rise complicated relations with Egypt and whom he regarded with great suspicion. Nayef once remarked: "Without any hesitation I say it, that our problems, all of them, came from the direction of the Muslim Brotherhood"
12-year-old Egyptian boy Ali Ahmed explains
Dr. Bashar al-Jaafari: US Culture and
Press TV has conducted an interview with Shehab Wagih, spokesperson for the Free Egyptians Party in Cairo, to further talk about the current political situation in Egypt.
The serious problem we are having is that the Brotherhood does not want to hear from the Egyptian people, the Egyptian regular people. The serious problem we saw in Egypt began on June 30 when the people came out to the streets saying that they cannot tolerate the way the Brotherhood is ruling the country with; people cannot tolerate that the Brotherhood is trying to manipulate everything in the country and then what happened, began to happen. ...
The Brotherhood cannot understand that what happened cannot be reversed. There is no chance that Mr. Morsi comes back to power and then us what you need and begin a negotiation. This has passed.
Actually, we are now in our way to have ourself agreed upon the constitution and then we will have our elections. The real question now for our brothers in the Brotherhood is that do you want our democracy to be settled? If you want a real democracy in Egypt, the first step is to enter into the democratic process. ...
What we need in Egypt is a real democracy and democracy depends on accepting what we are in now. It's a new constitution which is drafted by all the Egyptians, it's a fair election which will be monitored by the world and then we are in a real democracy, not in a manipulative democracy. ...
The Brotherhood is welcome to be back to the political life by accepting the fact, by going in the democratic way and by building their own civil party which is not trying to control the whole country forever.
Actually, what we know now is that we have a democratic path. This is the first time for Egypt to have a very clear democratic path, starting with the constitution which will rule the Egyptian political life and then fair elections which is monitored by the whole world and then a presidential election and then we have our democratic country. We will not tolerate anything which will get us away from this.
The way that the United States supported the Brotherhood for years is not accepted. .. Actually, the Egyptian people know well that the United States of America was supporting the Brotherhood. Maybe they have their own reasons but still this cannot be accepted for the Egyptian people.
We cannot accept that the Americans are interfering in our own internal politics. I can say that the popularity of the United States of America is falling because of this. The Egyptian people will never accept that foreigners interfere in their own country and their own life. This is not accepted and this cannot be tolerated anymore. ...
I cannot say that Dr. Morsi worked for Islam; he did not work for real justice; he did not work for real freedom; he did not work for the real Islam. The core of Islam is justice, is freedom, is accepting the others. This is the real core of Islam and I can say clearly that Dr. Morsi did not work in any of these cases. ...
The whole Arab world and I think the whole Islamic world wants to help Egypt. The serious problem that Egypt had while the ruling of the Brotherhood with our Khaliji brothers was about the idea of trying to push the Brotherhood in the other countries
. Actually the Brotherhood in Egypt was supporting the Brotherhood in Saudi Arabia, the Brotherhood in Emirates and the Brotherhood in all over the Arab countries. This was a cause for many problems, for the relations between Egypt and Saudi Arabia and Emirates and this was what stopped our Khaliji brothers to support us...
The EU has said it will bar financial assistance to Israeli groups operating in the occupied territories, underlining its concern that Israeli settlement-building harms prospects for peace with the Palestinians. From next year, Israeli “entities” operating in the territories will not be eligible for EU grants, prizes or loans.|
The measure will apply to Israeli companies, universities or other bodies operating in areas occupied by Israel since the 1967 war, including the Golan Heights, the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
“The EU has made it clear that it will not recognize any changes to pre-1967 borders, other than those agreed by the parties to the Middle East peace process,” a copy of the guidelines seen by the Reuters news agency said. The guidelines say that all Israeli groups applying for financial assistance, scholarships and funding must prove they do not operate in the occupied territories.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu criticized the guidelines... Palestinians praised the rule as a concrete step against settlement construction they fear will deny them a viable state.
Palestinians reject Kerry's plans for talks
Ali Ahmad Said Asbar (known by his pseudonym Adonis) is a famous Syrian poet. With more than twenty books in Arabic language and all his awards and prizes, Adunis is described as one of the most famous living poets of the Arab world...
Adonis, gave an interview about the situation in Syria and his answers sure surprise some Western citizens a lot.
[He] also said that if you don`t separate between religion and state and if you do not give women full and equal rights and if you still rely on the laws of Sharia, you only replace one tyranny with another. The military dictatorship, so Adonis, controls the mind, but the religious dictatorship controls the mind, the body language and the everyday life. ...
We should never forget, so Adonis, that there is already a country based on religion in this region: Israel. We don`t need another religious regime in this region. ...
He is, so Adunis, against the American policy and also against the West policy towards the Arab world. He is not able to follow their logic...(Syria News 2012)
William Engdahl: I think a number of issues. Number one: they are trying to ram a Sharia constitution down the throats of the Egyptian people.
That goes against Egyptian cultural tradition – 80-90 per cent of the population are Sunni Muslims – but it is a tradition of tolerance for other religion groups, Coptic and other Islamic groups.... (Russia Today 29-6-2013)
Friday July 19 Egypt’s security apparatus transferred leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) as well as some other political figures, who were detained after the military coup, to a high-security prison...
The detainees who have been transferred are: Mohamed Mahdi Akef, the Brotherhood’s former Chairman; Dr. Mohamed Rashad Bayoumi, the Brotherhood’s deputy head; Khairat Al-Shater, the Brotherhood’s Vice-Chairman; Dr. Mohamed Saad Katatni, FJP Chairman and former Speaker of Egyptian Parliament; Dr. Helmi Al-Gazzar, leading member of the FJP; Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Maksoud, Brotherhood lawyer; Hazem Salah Abu-Ismail; and MP Mohamed Al-Omda.
Mohamed Saad Katatni
After he was selected as the FJP's party's chairman, Katatni expressed his desire to implement Islamic Sharia law in Egypt, saying that the FJP was established by the Muslim Brotherhood in order to represent the Brotherhood's "political project, which, in the end, will be a wise government that will institute Islamic Shari’a law." Katani declared his election as the first step toward achieving the FJP's goals. (wikipedia info)
Rashad al Bayoumi
In an exclusive interview with the Daily Mirror, the Muslim Brotherhood’s deputy said Sharia – which allows oppression of women and stoning of adulterers – could be introduced “if it is the will of the people”.
Dr Rashad al Bayoumi, second in command of the Brotherhood, said: “If the people want Sharia law, if they want an Islamic state, then that is what we will deliver. We will follow the will of the people. If they want us to represent them then we will. People may want Sharia, it is for them to decide.” (mirror.co.uk 7-2-2011)
Mohammed Mahdi Akef:
"We do not recognise Israel, but we will not fight them. We do not have anything to do with them. We have nothing to do with Palestinian internal politics. My concern is the greater Islamic cause."
Jihad is required to bring about "the change to which the nation is aspiring." "Tyranny requires the raising of the young people on the basis of the principles of jihad so as to create mujahidin who love to die as much as others love to live and who can perform their duty towards their God, themselves and homeland." (IPT 31-10-2008)
The role of the Muslim Brotherhood is to mobilize the nation to establish a way of life based on Islam, said its Deputy Supreme Guide Khairat al-Shater. Speaking at a conference in Alexandria Shater further said that the group is preparing to initiate an Islamic government to achieve progress based on Islamic principles, and that its objective is to establish an Islamic state and become world leaders. ... He added that its principles cannot be changed for the sake of its new political party, the Freedom and Justice party, which will be one of its political tools. (Egypt independent 23-4-2011)
The constitution embraces a limited view of minority rights. While Article 3 permits Christians and Jews to be governed by their respective laws regarding personal status issues, the text is silent on the rights of other minorities such as Bahais and Shiites, who frequently suffer discrimination. According to Brotherhood leader Helmi al-Gazzar, this was intentional because "Bahais are a very eccentric group that is far from Islam," while Shiites "worship Allah in a very strange way". (Washington Institute 3-12-2012)
"The next battle is not between the Muslim Brotherhood and the remnants of the former regime, nor between Dr. Morsi and Ahmed Shafiq, but among the Egyptian people and the former regime who is trying desperately to abort the January 25 revolution. “Therefore, all Egyptians should close ranks and work to oust the old regime’s cronies and symbols forever, and rebuild the homeland all over again.” (FJP 31-5-2012)
In March 2012 Mohamed al-Omda, deputy head of the People’s Assembly’s Constitutional and Legislative Affairs Committee, has submitted a resolution draft to cancel a woman’s right to divorce (Khula) or separate from her husband. (Global Press 3-4-2012)
Hazem Salah Abu Ismail
A lawyer by trade, a noted television preacher in Egypt, and a politician with the Salafi Islamist party. Abu Ismail, 50, has called for implementing a strict version of Islamic law, with segregation of the sexes and enforcement of public morality.
Cairo, (SANA)- Foreign Minister of the new Egyptian cabinet, Nabil Fahmy, said there will be a reassessment of the relations with Syria after the ousted president Mohammad Morsi, stressing that the political solution is the only solution that preserves Syria's sovereignty and the Syrian state.
During a press conference in Sharm el-Sheikh on Saturday, Fahmy announced that "a positive return of Egypt into its natural Arab frame will be among the priorities of the current transitional government."
He added that the current government will work to lay down "the right and comprehensive foundation" of the Egyptian foreign policy in the future.
In this context, Fahmy stressed that everything regarding Egypt's relations with Syria will be re-evaluated, after the cutoff that occurred under Morsi, pointing out that the consulates between Syria and Egypt are still open and providing services...
He affirmed that there is "no intention for Jihad in Syria", in response to the calls previously made by Morsi for Egyptians to go and fight in Syria.
RIYADH, 22 August 2003 — Saudi Arabia’s highest religious authority urged Muslims to shun extremism and avoid waging unjustified jihad... In a lengthy statement, Grand Mufti Sheikh Abdul Aziz Al-Sheikh told Saudis to ignore fanatical interpretations of Islam.
“One of the fallouts from extremism in understanding Islam is that some people call for jihad for the sake of God without justification,” Sheikh Abdul Aziz said. “These people raise the banner of jihad to draw the young into their ranks and not to fight for God,” he added.
Militants like Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden have often called for jihad against countries they consider “infidel”... Other militants have also used Islam as a rallying cry, justifying attacks by saying they are doing God’s will.
“Young Muslims must try and better themselves and their country but not through violence, because Islam is not a violent religion, it is a merciful religion,” he said.
“A Muslim must understand his religion. It is the duty of the young and the whole Muslim world to know that violence is not a way to achieve reform,” Al-Sheikh said.
The grand mufti emphasized that the struggle against a perceived evil should not lead to a greater evil. “The Prophet (peace be upon him) told us to combat evil. But there is a general rule to look at both advantages and disadvantages. And if fighting an evil leads to a greater one, then that fight is forbidden,” he said.
Last week, the Kingdom’s highest Islamic authority denounced terror attacks..., describing them as “serious criminal acts,” and pledged its full support for the government.
“Acts of sabotage such as bombings, murder and destruction of property are serious criminal acts and an aggression against innocent people... which warrant severe and deterrent punishment...”
The Iraqi army operation "Hell of Terrorism" has made strong gains in the five days since it was launched in the Anbar desert near Iraq's borders with Jordan and Syria, the Iraqi Defence Ministry announced Wednesday (July 17th).
At least 64 al-Qaeda members and members of Jabhat al-Nusra (JAN), an extremist group active in Syria, have been captured or killed thus far, officials told Mawtani.
"Hell of Terrorism" aims to cut off all communication, support and meetings between al-Qaeda in Iraq and JAN... To attain this objective, army forces will "comb through 700 kilometres searching for al-Qaeda pockets in the desert areas, in particular those adjacent to Syrian territories".
Anbar Sahwa leader Wissam al-Hardan said he was heartened by how army soldiers, officers and Sahwa fighters from different Iraqi sects and communities are coming together against the threat of al-Qaeda. ...
"We hope the operation will conclude with an important achievement: foiling al-Qaeda's dream of establishing easy liaison with Syria's JAN, which would be an alliance of evil threatening the people of both countries, who have come to reject fanaticism and the advice of extremists," he said.
Saadoun al-Shaalan, deputy chairman of the Anbar provincial council, described the operation as crucial. "Any measure of control by al-Qaeda and JAN over Iraq's al-Qaim areas, or over Syria's nearby Albu Kamal, would mean a disaster would befall Anbar security, and from there the rest of Iraq," he said, adding, "This will not happen, whatever the cost."
Egyptians are by and large unsympathetic to protests calling for the reinstatement of Egypt’s toppled Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
71 percent of Egyptians voiced their disapproval of the Brotherhood-led protests which have been taking place for three weeks, according to a poll conducted by the Egyptian Centre for Public Opinion Research (Baseera).
Baseera's July opinion poll found that 20 percent of those polled were in support of the pro-Morsi demonstrations, while 9 percent remained uncertain about how to view the matter.
The report stated that residents of urban governorates seem less sympathetic to the pro-Morsi protests than those of rural areas. Urban residents polled at 17 percent approval, 77 percent disapproval, whereas the numbers were 21 and 67 percent, respectively, for rural residents.
The independent Cairo-based organisation polled 2,214 adults from across Egypt's 27 governorates via telephone on 20 and 21 July. The poll’s margin of error is less than 3 percent.
Based on the report's findings, male respondents are more disapproving of the protests (78 percent) than female ones (65 percent).
Hazem Al-Beblawi, the 77-year-old liberal economist who is serving as the country’s interim prime minister, has finalised what many are calling the “30 June government”.
This government, the first after the 30 June Revolution which forced Islamist president Mohamed Morsi out of office on 3 July, includes a majority of liberals and technocrats, some leftists and no Islamists.
Al-Beblawi and two other liberal icons, political activist and ex-diplomat Mohamed Al-Baradei and economist Ziad Bahaaeddin, have been heavily involved in picking the members of the new government. The three men belong to two newly-formed political parties that espouse a mixed ideology of liberal democracy and social justice, the Egyptian Social Democratic Party and the Dostour (Constitution) Party.
The appointment of the 49-year-old Bahaaeddin as deputy prime minister for economic affairs has led to high-profile liberals being in charge of all the economics portfolios. Bahaaeddin’s liberal fingerprints were clear in the choice of Ahmed Galal, an economist with a doctorate from Boston University and director of the Egyptian Centre for Economic Studies, to be tasked with serving as finance minister.
Ahmed Al-Sayed Al-Naggar, an economic analyst with Al-Ahram, said that “Galal faces the formidable task of tackling the dire Egyptian economy that is being held together by $12 billion in loans and grants from three rich Arab countries.”
Al-Naggar, however, warned that Galal could continue in the footsteps of Youssef Boutros Ghali, the former Mubarak regime’s last finance minister, who faced accusations that he adopted harsh neo-liberal policies that led to sending millions of Egyptians under the poverty line.
As expected, Al-Beblawi’s cabinet came under fire from the Islamists, who were excluded from it. The Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), the political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, and the ultraconservative Salafist Nour Party decided to boycott the Al-Beblawi government, albeit for different reasons.
The FJP still insists that the 30 June Revolution were a military coup, while the Nour Party has said that it “cannot be a part of a government dominated by liberals and secularists”. ...
“In the upcoming six-month period, a liberal constitution must be drafted and free parliamentary and presidential elections held,” said Cairo University political analyst Hassan Nafaa, adding that “this must go hand-in-hand with fighting violence on the streets and improving security in Sinai.”
On Monday, Morsi supporters clashed with ordinary citizens and security forces in downtown Cairo... According to Nafaa, the Muslim Brotherhood, after its leaders have lost hope in support from the US, has now opted for violence.
“This strategy could continue for a while, but after some time the leaders of this group must realise that it will find itself in a war against the Egyptian people, who turned out in their millions on 30 June to declare their rejection of any kind of religious tyranny,” Nafaa said.
Lebanese caretaker Foreign Minister Adnan Mansour said the decision was "hasty" and could lead to further sanctions against the movement that would complicate Lebanese politics.
"This will hinder Lebanese political life in the future, especially considering our sensitivities in Lebanon," he told Reuters. "We need to tighten bonds among Lebanese parties, rather than create additional problems." ... Already on the EU blacklist are groups such as Hamas, the Palestinian Islamist movement that rules the Gaza Strip, and Turkey's Kurdish militant group PKK.
Caretaker Prime Minister Najib Miqati said he was hoping the EU would refrain from designating Hizbullah's “so-called military wing” as a “terrorist organization”.... “We will follow up on the issue through the diplomatic means that preserve the best ties between Lebanon and Europe and the international community, and here I will reiterate what I have always been saying: Lebanon has no enemy but Israel and Lebanon with all its components is keen on its Arab and international relations.” (Naharnet 23-7-2013)
Hezbollah has attracted concern in Europe and around the world in recent months for its role sending thousands of fighters to support Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government, an intervention that turned the tide of a more than 2-year-old civil war. Before the EU meeting, the union’s foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton told Al-Arabiya TV that she presented the proposal to blacklist Hezbollah to the EU because of the party’s involvement in Syria.
Hezbollah's ideology, albeit universalist in essence, is rooted in a Lebanese nationalism and is not based on the categorical rejection of otherness.
Contrary to what is often said in literature that sees Hezbollah as a ‘terroristorganization’ or as equivalent to Al Qaida in its desire to destroy the "western way of life," Hezbollah leaders often "express their admiration for certain aspects of Western culture, including US culture".
The movement's recurrent distinction between the people and the governments of countries such as the US and Israel (and the distinction that is often made between Jews and Zionists) reflects its efforts to present a discourse that can be accepted by much larger groups than its Shiite supporters and introduce its discourse into a global movement of dissent.
The development of Hezbollah's political discourse is a consequence and a cause of its expanding military success and social influence. The articulated identity - Shiite in essence but Lebanese, Arab and Muslim as well – combines, depending on the context, a negotiation of religious commitment to the Shiite faith with a Lebanese national identity as well as a pan-Arab and pan-Islamic dimension.
Resistance in Hezbollah's discourse is not merely a military endeavor. Rather, following the speeches and sermons delivered by its General Secretary on various occasions and according to the party's media and teachings, it is a complex balance of military, social,cultural, and political strategies that aim at building a "society of resistance."
Perhaps what constitutes the essence of resistance in Hezbollah’s discourse is the notion of empowerment in both military and political terms.
- In military terms, empowerment is the belief in, and demonstration of the power to defeat the superior military force of Israel. Since the1967 defeat, the belief in the invincibility of the Israeli army had been almost unshaken untilHezbollah demonstrated the opposite in 2000 and then in 2006. ...
- In political terms, empowerment refers to the empowerment of the dispossessed and marginalized groups in Lebanon and the Arab world.
Hezbollah succeeded in providing a sense of political potential for its Shiite supporters in Lebanon to become active members in the Lebanese political life by giving them a voice and a powerful representative. The movement also promoted a notion of political empowerment in the rest of the Arab world...
In Lebanon, Hezbollah's discourse of resistance hegemonized calls for the liberation of Lebanon from Israeli occupation, economic reform,communitarian conflict, anti-globalization and empowerment into one overarching demand that they would call the “resistance.”
By doing so they succeeded in attracting a wide range of individuals from devout Shiites to Christian middle classes and leftists in addition to a pan-Arab audience who saw the discourse of resistance as one that pertains to their own struggles both internal (against their regimes) and external (concerning the Palestinian cause and the American influence in the region).
Resistance movements, whether in Egypt, Tunisia, or Lebanon, can be understood as liberation movements that are essentially and primarily anti-colonial.
Colonialism in these places did not end with the formal declarations of independence, in fact, the overthrown dictators or foreign occupation represent precisely the extension of the colonial influence at the expense of the local populations.
Resistance is the desire to acquire the ability to control the space from which to speak, a process by which a group acts in order to acquire the voice and language that allows for it to emerge as a political subject speaking for and to itself.
BEIRUT: Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hasan Nasrallah said that by blacklisting Hezbollah, EU member states were providing “legal cover” for Israeli aggressions against Lebanon. “This is also something dangerous because these states ... are providing legal cover for any aggression on Lebanon. Israel will say ‘I am fighting a terrorist organization,’” Nasrallah said.
“They [EU] are making themselves fully complicit in any Israeli aggression against Lebanon, the resistance or any resistance target,” Nasrallah added.
He said the EU decision had no tangible impact on the resistance group, describing it as a form of psychological intimidation. “You will never diminish our morale, given that the only aspect of this decision is psychological,” he said. ...
Addressing the EU, Nasrallah said: “We know that any decision has a goal and the goal here is clear: it’s to subjugate us and force us to retreat, regress, be hesitant and instill fear in us.” ...
Nasrallah said the EU decision was not based on principles, questioning why the EU had not blacklisted Israeli’s “military wing,” referring to its army, as a terrorist organization: “You admit that Israel occupies Arab territories ... and you don't implement international resolutions for decades....”
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Seyed Abbas Araqchi welcomed the US Congress decision to delay imposing a new round of sanctions against Tehran.
"The measure which was adopted concurrently with a letter written by a number of US congressmen for better interactions with the Islamic Republic is a sign of the US policy's move towards wisdom and realism," Araqchi told reporters in Tehran on Tuesday.
Stressing that the American people have always sought change in their administration's extremist policies, he said if such measures are accompanied by practical steps..., they can help reduce tensions and create a new atmosphere between Tehran and Washington.
More than 130 US lawmakers called on the White House to opt for diplomatic channels on Iran following the victory of Hassan Rouhani in Iran’s June 14th presidential election.
The request was made last week through a letter co-authored by Charlie Dent and David Price and signed by 131 lawmakers at the US House of Representatives, the Washington Post reported on Friday.
“We believe it would be a mistake not to test whether Dr. Rouhani’s election represents a real opportunity for progress toward a verifiable, enforceable agreement. … In order to test this proposition, it will be prudent for the United States to utilize all diplomatic tools to reinvigorate ongoing nuclear talks,” the letter read.
In an unprecedented move, three prominent Iranian economists — Saeed Leylaz, Mousa Ghaninejad and Mohammad Mehdi Behkish — have advocated the launch of a campaign under the banner of a "civil movement against sanctions."
Ghaninejad, in a July 13 interview, told Tejarat-e Farda, “Both from a perspective of international law and human rights, US unilateral sanctions [against Iran] have no legal ground.”
Ghaninejad argues that by imposing sanctions on Iran, the United States does not serve the cause of peace because it forbids trade, while trade in itself is a major element in establishing peace between nations.
“The more economic interdependence between nations the more peaceful international relations become. In fact, the main reason for the formation of many international institutions, specifically the United Nations and the organizations under its aegis, is to develop economic ties between countries in order to make the relations between them more peaceful.”
Behkish, speaking to Tejarat-e Farda, maintained, “[Until recently] the people of Iran were not in a position to set up this movement. However, in light of the June 14 [presidential] elections, this movement can now be initiated. [Hassan Rouhani’s] election has changed the international climate in favor of Iran.”
He further asserted, “The strategy of this campaign should be defined based on the principle of free trade. According to this principle, the West cannot preclude trade [between Iran and the world] simply on the basis of a claim that is not validated in any court.”
Leylaz believes that the climate is finally ripe for launching the campaign. He told the news outlet Fararu on July 15, “Before this election, we were not united. This is a reality. When there is no harmony between the people and the government, or even within different factions of the government, the country cannot talk with a unified voice before the international system.”
Al-Ahram newspaper published on its entire first page news that Egypt’s Public Prosecutor ordered the imprisonment of kidnapped President Mohamed Morsi, the legitimate president of Egypt, for fifteen days on charges of spying and calling for riots, violence and other lies. Thus, this newspaper has proved that it works on strict orders of the Intelligence Service and the National Security Agency.
This news is nothing more than a report prepared by these two agencies. No wonder, though, since this newspaper is run by the so-called transitional regime. It obeys orders from bloody coup lackeys.
Publication of this false news is meant to intimidate the masses of our people that have arisen in support of the return of legitimacy, especially the reinstatement of President Morsi after releasing him from the grip of his criminal kidnappers who are still keeping him incommunicado at an undisclosed location for rejecting and condemning the military coup regime.
We are confident that the free and alert Egyptian people will not be affected by this false news, but will boost their revolution and be more determined to uphold the legitimacy and the return of the President to his legitimate office.
We invite everyone, in all provinces, cities and villages, to redouble efforts and escalate activities in order to achieve this goal, in order to liberate the country from the grip of military rule, the bloody killer commanders and collaborators.
Al-Ahram, ( Arabic: “The Pyramids”) daily newspaper: Ahram was founded in Alexandria in 1875 by two Lebanese Christian brothers, Salim and Bisharah Taqla. It became a daily in 1881. The paper became famous for its independence and objectivity—in spite of British censorship and control—and for its coverage of international news and nonpolitical news about Egypt and Egyptians.
In the late 1950s Al-Ahram came under the influence of the Egyptian government, and, when Pres. Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the press in 1960, Al-Ahram became the de facto voice of the government. In 1957 Nasser had made his friend Muhammad Hassanein Heikal the editor of Al-Ahram, and Heikal’s effect on the paper was profound. An eloquent editorialist and a solid journalist, Heikal built the paper’s prestige, its journalistic excellence, and its makeup and technical operation to new levels. Under his leadership, the paper became the dominant daily in the Arab world. (Encyclopedia Britannica)
The overthrow of former President Mohammad Mursi by the Egyptian army is worse than destroying Islam’s holiest shrine, the Kaaba, Muslim Brotherhood’s Supreme Leader Mohammad Badie said Thursday.
“I swear by God that what [Gen. Abdel-Fattah] al-Sissi did in Egypt is more criminal than if he had carried an ax and demolished the holy Kaaba, stone by stone,” Badie said.
Badie’s analogy compares the popularly-backed military overthrow of Mursi on July 3 to a hypothetical destruction of the Kaaba, the cube-shaped shrine in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, which is faced by Muslims worldwide in their daily prayers.
The statement by the Brotherhood’s leader takes to a new level the enmity between the camp of Islamists led by the Brotherhood and their opponents, including liberals, moderate Muslim and secular Egyptians and minority Christians. Badie, who has an arrest warrant against him for allegedly inciting violence, also called Sissi a “traitor” and urged him to repent.
Egyptian Defense Minister Gen. Abdel Fattah El-Sisi is not backing away from his resolve to quickly crack down, even by military force, on armed protesters using live bullets on city streets and generating chaos...
When the Obama administration warned Gen. El-Sisi that his actions could generate bloodshed leading to an outbreak of civil war, the Egyptian leader replied that military inaction was the more dangerous course, because terrorism and live fire in protest demonstrations must be controlled forthwith before they too degenerated into civil warfare.
In the past week, debkafile's military sources report, tens of thousands of Muslim Brotherhood protesters continued to fill the streets of Egypt’s main cities, demonstrating against the interim government and the military and demanding the reinstatement of ousted president Mohammed Morsi.
Some groups have begun closing off entire city blocks, declaring them independently-ruled entities. These enclaves have been fortified with sandbag barriers and sentries posted to check the documents of people going in and out. Entry is barred to those suspected of collaborating with the army and security forces. Large photos of Morsi are draped over buildings along with banners of injunctions to obey no authority other than that of the elected president.
The generals fear that these “independent closed enclaves” could become the nuclei of a full-scale revolt which if not curbed in time could run out of control.
Muslim Brotherhood Statement 21-7-2013: The will of the Egyptian people must be respected, especially constitutional legitimacy, which the people are determined to defend with their own lives; all aspects of the military coup must be halted; and Egypt must return to constitutional legality, with its elected President, Constitution and Parliament. (Ikhwanweb)
Tunisian opposition politician Mohamed Brahmi (part of the secular coalition Popular Front) was shot dead outside his home in Tunis on Thursday in the second such assassination this year, setting off mass protests against the Islamist-led government in the capital and elsewhere.
"He was shot in front of his house when he was with his disabled daughter," Mohamed Nabki, a member of Brahmi's secular, nationalist Popular Party, told Reuters. "The killers fled on a motorbike."
Brahmi was a vocal critic of the ruling coalition led by the Islamist Ennahda party and a member of the Constituent Assembly charged with drafting a new constitution for the North African nation, which is split between Islamists and their opponents.
Thousands of people protested outside the Interior Ministry in the capital, Tunis, after the killing.
"Tunisia is free, Brotherhood out!" angry demonstrators shouted, referring to the Muslim Brotherhood-linked al-Nahda movement which heads the country's ruling coalition.
Tunisia's political transition since the revolt that toppled Ben Ali has been relatively peaceful, with the Islamist Ennahda party sharing power with smaller secular parties. But the Egyptian army's overthrow of Islamist President Mohamed Mursi on July 3 following mass protests against him has energised the anti-Islamist opposition in Tunisia.
The Popular Front, or the Popular Front for the realization of the objectives of the revolution, is a leftist electoral alliance in Tunisia, made up of twelve political parties and numerous independents.
The coalition was formed in October 2012, bringing together 12 mainly left wing Tunisian parties including the Democratic Patriots' Movement, with the Workers' Party, Green Tunisia, the Movement of Socialist Democrats (which has left), the Tunisian Ba'ath Movement and Party of the Democratic Arab Vanguard, two different parties of the Iraqi branche of Ba'ath Party, and other Progressive parties. The Movement is strongly anti-Islamist.
The 48-year-old coordinator of the Popular Front coalition, Chokri Belaid, was killed by an unknown gunman on 6 February 2013.
Rached Ghannouchi: The Ennahdha Party
- Considers this assassination to be a dangerous crime targeting the revolution and national unity...
- Strongly condemns this crime...
- Calls on all Tunisians to preserve their national unity, solidarity, and restraint...
Rached Ghannouchi says he doesn’t want an Islamic state in Tunisia.
The leader of the North African country’s largest political party defends it against accusations
that it poses a threat to secularism in the birthplace of the Arab Spring
Robert Fisk, Independent 24-10-2012
Mr Ghannouchi insisted that the Salafis are not flocking to Ennahda’s banner. “It’s not Islamic enough for them,” he said...
“The Salafists had organised big demonstrations to demand the inclusion of sharia, and at the same time the secular elites felt threatened by these calls.”
“I was afraid that sharia was being preached about as anti-women’s rights, anti-human rights, anti-equality and anti-freedom. I was trying to convince [the Salafis] that constitutions are based not on what divides people but what unites them. So if there’s a lack of clarity on the issue of sharia, if there is a division around it, then it shouldn’t be let out. I was trying to convince them that the revolution had provided them with freedom. They used to be in prison, but now they have freedom to operate in society and through community organisations, in the mosques and by setting up charities and associations.”
“We also tried to convince them that the situation was very fragile and if they pushed things to the limit, things could collapse. I reminded them that the Islamists in Algeria [the Islamic Salvation Front] got 80 per cent of the votes – but that they lost everything because they didn’t read the balance of power correctly.”
Reacting to the spate of bombings in Tripoli, Benghazi and Sirte on Tuesday (23 July) at Wednesday’s press conference, Prime Minister Ali Zeidan said that there are some who want Libya to be like Afghanistan, Somalia or Mali: “There are some who want to stop the progress of Libya to a civilian state.”
The Prime Minister attacked the selfish philosophy of some Libyans who put their own narrow interests above those of the country. If every Libyan was going to behave in this manner (going on strike, using force and arms to obtain concessions from the state, blockading airports, ports and oil installations), then we cannot do anything about it, added Zeidan.
If patriotism will not come to the fore during this transitional time, then his government will not be able to do anything about these actions, he explained.